What is a depression?
A depression is a constantly present, dejected mood that lasts for more than two weeks and does not automatically disappear. There are many types of depression, ranging from mild to severe. In general one can say that the severity of the symptoms increases with the severity of the depression. Depressions are very common. At the moment, 500.000 people in the age between 15 and 65 are seriously to severely depressed in the Netherland. That is 1 out of 20.
Depression can last a short period of time - a few weeks - but can also last months or even years. In case the depression lasts at least two years, we call it a chronic depression.
Symptoms of a depression
There are several symptoms that can indicate a depression, below mentioned a few:
- A gloomy and sad mood, manifesting itself in losing the ability of having fun and enjoy things.
- Loss of energy, lethargy and lack of initiative.
- Reduction or even disappearance of sexual feelings and men can have erectile dysfunction.
- Getting slower in thinking, moving and reacting
- Sleeping problems (not being able to fall asleep, waking up early, having excessive sleeping needs, difficulty getting out of bed)..
- Eating problems, such as loss of appetite or binge eating.
- More often irritated than usually.
- Concentration problems, easily distracted.
- Negative self-image and a negative image of others and of the future
- Thinking of suicide.
- Feelings of impotence, despair or fear.
- Crying without the feeling of relief or wanting to cry but unable to.
- Physical problems such as constipation, dry mouth, unexplainable pain, dizziness, palpitations, tightness of the chest, trembling hands, pressure on the chest, headache and back pain.