The psychodynamic therapy is a group therapy. Together with a group therapist, a limited number of participants, often six to ten, form a therapy group that regularly meets. Under supervision of the therapist, important topics are discussed and / or treated by the group members during this session. In this kind of therapy not only the client and therapist play an important role, but the whole group does. The fact that therapy takes place in and with a group, motivates everybody to work on their own problems.
During group therapy, different things occur in contact with others, which are similar to ordinary life outside therapy. You can compare the group with a “mini society”. People say and do things that affect others and where feelings of recognition, anger, sadness or affection can arise. Because all participants each bring their own personality, life story and problems, they each react in their own specific way, which can be a very active and educational process for everyone. Naturally, during these sessions there attention will be paid to every individual. Sometimes one person will be discussed more than others and the next time it is the other way around. In a group one can learn things from each other, be an example and mean something to others. A therapy group has much to offer through the combined actions of the many interactions that arise.
Sometimes people don't like the idea of group therapy. It can be very confronting and you learn a lot about yourself in contact with other group members. After all, it will soon become apparent how someone deals with other people and their problems. Experience shows that group therapy, especially in addition to the individual therapy offered by PROspero, can speed up the process and clients can benefit a great deal from group therapy.
Attention-oriented cognitive behavioural therapy group
Within PROspero’s treatment program we work in a cognitive behavioural therapy group with Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy techniques. In a group you learn to live more consciously and to deal with stress, emotions and thoughts in a different way. You become aware of physical and mental perceivings and learn to be consciously present in the moment, without noticing a prejudgment what is happening here and now. We tend to just keep going on and do the thing on autopilot.
Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn, an American professor Emeritus of the Massachussetts University Medical School was the first who took the concept mindfulness out of his buddhist context and developed an eight week training, based on mindfulness stress reduction. He laid the foundation for using mindfulness by doctors and psychotherapists. Therapists use mindfulness to fight worrying, depression, pain or burnout. During developing his methods Kabat-Zinn derived elements from practising zen and yoga. The original eight-week training made the basis for using mindfulness techniques at PROspero.
With mindfulness techniques you will become aware of the “do-mode” and the “being-mode”. During mindfulness exercises you learn to be aware of your inner world, what is your purpose in life. By deliberately focussing your attention to experiences, mood, feelings and thoughts, you will become aware of what is going on inside you. With this awareness you can make choices and dwell on your own needs and wishes and work on good selfcare. When, for example, you become aware of your fatigue and think about what you really need right now, you can make the choice to take a rest. By going on and never take a moment to reflect, important physical signals will be ignored and you will go beyond your limits. By regularly meditating and focussing your attention inward, you are in better contact with your body and mind, stress signals will be pointed out, you can concentrate better and relax because your mind is calmer and you are able to make healthy choices.
Mindfulness can be described as ‘with a gentle open mind present in the here and now’. Mindfulness is an attention training and form of meditation where one is aware of physical experiences, moods, feelings and thoughts with curious attention and without automatic reactions.
Mindfulness vindt zijn oorsprong in boeddhistische meditatietechnieken. Het introduceert de 'oosterse' aandachtsmeditatie in de reguliere 'westerse' psychotherapeutische praktijk. In plaats van voortdurend toe te leven naar doelen die ver in de toekomst liggen, leert mindfulness u met een milde open aandacht aanwezig te zijn bij wat nu is. Mindfulness zorgt er niet voor dat u nooit meer stress of negatieve gevoelens zult ervaren, maar leert u dat zulke gevoelens bij het leven horen. Wel leert u anders omgaan met aangename en onaangename gebeurtenissen. Door mindfulness leert u zich bewust te zijn van wat u doet en wat er om u heen gebeurt. U leert om bewust te kijken naar alledaagse dingen zoals een mooie lucht, de natuur om u heen en u leert om weer meer te genieten.